On 31 December 2013 transitional controls restricting access to the UK labour market expire for Romanian and Bulgarian nationals.
From 1 January 2014 Romanian and Bulgarian nationals have the same access to the labour market as any other European Economic Area (EEA) national (apart from those from Croatia who require worker authorisation).
Like any other EEA national, those from Romania and Bulgaria can only stay in the UK for more than 3 months if they are exercising treaty rights as a worker, student, self employed or self sufficient person. Those not working or seeking work must be able to support themselves and their families and must have comprehensive medical insurance.
EEA nationals who benefit from the right to free movement must adhere to the responsibilities this brings with it, and abide by UK laws. Anyone who does not meet the requirements for residence set out in the Free movement of persons directive will not have a right to reside in the UK and may be liable for removal, while those who engage in criminal activity could be deported.
More information on exercising treaty rights can be found in the Bulgarian and Romanian nationals section of the UKBA website.